Towards an Arab Governance Index - ESCWA


Towards an Arab Governance Index

ESCWA Publication: E/ESCWA/CL6.GCP/2021/TP.5

Publication Type: Information material

Cluster: Governance and Conflict Prevention

Focus Area: Governance & enabling environment

Initiatives: Development challenges

Towards an Arab Governance Index

July 2021

Measuring good governance is a significant but challenging venture.  Assessing how the state is performing is essential to be able to measure governance. Therefore, in this paper, 13 indicators from the Varieties of Democracy dataset are used to represent three pillars of good governance.  This includes components of the rule of law, equal access to justice, and mechanisms of accountability, impartiality and participation. 

This paper reveals how good governance is closely tied to positive outcomes for human development and explains why many states in the Arab world are underachieving on human development. We also note   that oil wealth is a double-edged sword in the Arab region.  It offers countries streams of revenues to cover some basic needs while at the same time, it prevents the development of effective and impartial institutions.

Continuing to better understand the mechanisms of good governance is a useful exercise as Arab states have developed and have numerous resources available to invest.

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