ESCWA Publication: E/ESCWA/SDPD/2009/5

Country: ESCWA Member States

Publication Type: Reports & studies

Cluster: 2030 Agenda and SDG Coordination

Focus Area: Climate change, Natural resource sustainability

Initiatives: Green Technologies for Enhancing Rural Livelihoods

SDGs: Goal 7: Affordable and Clean Energy

Keywords: Arab countries, Competitiveness, Environmentally sound technology, Fuels, Medium enterprises, Small enterprises, Biogas, Biomass energy, Dairy industry, Sugar industry, Olive oil

Increasing the Competitiveness of Small and Medium-sized Enterprises through the Use of Environmentally Sound Technologies: Assessing the Potential for the Development of Second-generation Biofuels in the ESCWA Region

January 2009

While international debate continues regarding the development of primary biofuels, second-generation biofuels derived from agricultural waste have emerged as an environmentally sound alternative for policymakers and entrepreneurs interested in biofuel development, including in the ESCWA region. Advocates indicate that developments in this sector can also help to address the environmental problems of the region, as well as to create new employment and income opportunities through the introduction of environmentally sound technologies. This study examines the opportunities and constraints associated with the development of second-generation biofuels in the region, based on a review of existing environmentally sound technologies that can be accessed by small and medium-sized enterprises. The study presents country case studies based on financial and environmental assessments and analyses agricultural waste generated by three sectors important to the region, namely the olive oil, sugar (from sugar cane and sugar beet) and dairy industries. It also offers a series of recommendations aimed at assisting decision makers and entrepreneurs in pursuing the development of second-generation biofuels using environmentally sound technologies.

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