This summary of Millennium Development Goals in the Arab Region 2005 was prepared as a collaborative effort of United Nations agencies in the region on the occasion of the September 2005 World Summit and the sixtieth session of the General Assembly, this effort was coordinated by ESCWA. It provides an overview of progress in the Arab region towards the stated aim of achieving the Goals by 2015 and highlights key challenges and issues. Data and analyses are presented by sub-region. The Mashreq countries, namely, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Palestine and the Syrian Arab Republic; the Maghreb countries, namely, Algeria, the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, Morocco and Tunisia; the States of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC), namely, Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates; and the least-developed countries (LDCs), namely, Comoros, Djibouti, Mauritania, Somalia, the Sudan and Yemen. In order to facilitate analysis, countries were grouped according to geographic proximity, similarity in resource endowment and the level of development.