Working group discussions were conducted as countries were divided into groups to further discuss issues related to care policies.
Axis 1: Changes related to legal and policy frameworks
Axis 2: Changes related to the provision of care services
Axis 3: Changes related to social protection frameworks
Axis 4: Changes related to infrastructure.
For every axis, participants presented and discussed main practices from various countries, the major stakeholders to be involved in future reforms and changes and the challenges faced to advance care economy and policies.
With regard to legal and policy frameworks related to care, participants agreed on the importance of designing, enacting and monitoring labor laws, regulations and systems, including those related to leaves and benefits. They stressed the importance of addressing unpaid care under the social protection systems.
Regarding the changes related to the provision of care services, participants highlighted the importance of designing and enacting laws, policies, regulations and standards related to the establishment of appropriate care services at all levels.
With regard to changes related to social protection frameworks, the participants discussed the importance of implementing social protection measures and programs that guarantee the well-being and dignity of all including care givers.
The main challenges related to infrastructure were also discussed. There are significant differences between rural and urban areas and between income groups with regard to access to water, fuel, sanitation and basic services. Funding is a challenge as many households do not have the financial capacity to pay for basic infrastructure such as access to water and sanitation. Furthermore, infrastructure projects require significant governmental investments.