Annual Digest of Social Protection Reforms in the Arab Region, 2022

ESCWA Publication: E/ESCWA/CL2.GPID/2023/1

Country: Arab region, People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria, Kingdom of Bahrain, Arab Republic of Egypt, Republic of Iraq, Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, State of Kuwait, Lebanese Republic, State of Libya, Islamic Republic of Mauritania, Kingdom of Morocco, Sultanate of Oman, State of Palestine, State of Qatar, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Federal Republic of Somalia, Republic of Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Republic of Tunisia, United Arab Emirates, Republic of Yemen

Publication Type: Flagship publications

Cluster: Gender Justice, Population and Inclusive Development

Focus Area: Inclusive development, Population dynamics & migration

Initiatives: Reforming social protection systems

SDGs: Goal 2: Zero Hunger, Goal 3: Good Health and Well-Being, Goal 5: Gender Equality, Goal 11: Sustainable Cities and Communities, Goal 17: Partnerships for the Goals

Keywords: Social security, Social security contributions, Social security legislation, Statistical data, Algeria, Bahrain, Djibouti, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, Oman, Qatar, Oman, Qatar, Saudi arabia, Somalia, Comoros, State of palestine, Sudan, Syrian arab republic, Tunisia, United arab emirates, Yemen

Annual Digest of Social Protection Reforms in the Arab Region, 2022

July 2023

The 2022 edition of the Annual Digest of Social Protection Reforms in the Arab Region represents a novel effort undertaken by the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia to monitor, record and summarize the
ongoing social protection reforms in the region. It aims to benefit a wide range of stakeholders, such as policymakers and policy implementers, civil society organizations, researchers, and development partners. The Annual Digest of Social Protection Reforms in the Arab Region will not only serve as a knowledge base to facilitate peer-to-peer learning and inspire policymakers but will also shed light on key trends in social protection reforms for researchers and practitioners.

The digest begins by illustrating its methodology, particularly the innovative triangulation approach to monitoring policy reform announcements. It then provides an overview of key statistics and trends in social protection developments observed across the Arab region in 2022. The digest’s main section presents an overview of the most important contributory and non-contributory reforms and policy changes, as announced in publicly available sources for each Arab country.

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