Impact of COVID-19 on Transport in the Arab region
The COVID-19 pandemic has triggered a global health and economic crisis that has transformed the world. The United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) expects world gross domestic product (GDP) to contract by 4.3 per cent in 2020 and trade to shrink by around one-fifth. Meanwhile, foreign direct investment and remittances are set to fall by up to 40 per cent and by over $100 billion, respectively.
The Arab region is not immune to the shock triggered by the pandemic, with the region’s GDP projected to decline by 5.7 per cent in 2020. Inflows of foreign direct investment to the region are projected to fall by 45 per cent in 2020, while unemployment is set to rise to unprecedented levels.
The disruption caused by the pandemic direct affects global supply chains and their underlying transport networks. Border closures and the introduction of various safety restrictions and sanitary protocols limiting the movement of people and goods have directly impacted the transport and logistics sectors.