The Millennium Development Goals were set within the framework of the Millennium Declaration, which was adopted in 2000. These MDGs constitute a set of eight time-bound and measurable goals aimed at eradicating extreme poverty and at improving living conditions for both women and men. This report aims to raise awareness of MDGs and to improve capacities for reporting on and monitoring progress made towards the achievement of those Goals. Data and analyses are presented for the following subregions and groups: Mashreq, Maghreb, Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) and Least Developed Countries (LDCs). The report is intended for policymakers, development experts, academicians, researchers, the media and the public.