The Attainment of SDGs in Conflict-affected Countries in the Arab Region - United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia


The Attainment of SDGs in Conflict-affected Countries in the Arab Region

ESCWA Publication: E/ESCWA/CL6.GCP/IOM/2020/1

Country: Republic of Iraq, Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, Lebanese Republic, State of Libya, Federal Republic of Somalia, Republic of Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Republic of Yemen

Publication Type: Reports & studies

Cluster: Governance and Conflict Prevention

Focus Area: 2030 Agenda, Governance & enabling environment, Inclusive development

Initiatives: Governance and institution building

SDGs: Agenda 2030

Keywords: Sustainable development, Conflict, Governance, Peace, Humanitarian assistance, Institution building, Human security

The Attainment of SDGs in Conflict-affected Countries in the Arab Region

October 2021

The past decade has witnessed widespread conflicts across the Arab region. These conflicts have proven fluid, protracted and complex, damaging the region’s rich cultural landscape, while undermining human security and prospects for sustainable development. Since the early 2000s, the cumulative impact of conflict has resulted in the loss of hundreds of thousands of lives, destruction of property and infrastructure, and the displacement of millions. This has exacerbated vulnerabilities, heightened multidimensional fragility, and eroded State and individual capacities to prepare for and cope with stressors.

Echoing human security principles, the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development (2030 Agenda) and its 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) emphasize a world free of poverty, hunger, disease, and want. However, with evolving conflict dynamics across the Arab region, conflict-affected countries face a range of unique, context-specifc challenges that constrain both capacities and resources and prevent the accrual and sustainment of development gains. The situation is stark. If this trend continues it will be impossible to meet the targets of the 2030 Agenda, even those related to basic needs. Against this backdrop, there is a growing awareness that many SDGs will remain out of reach without a comprehensive approach to address the unique humanitarian, development and peacebuilding challenges faced in conflict-affected contexts. Without enhanced efforts to understand and mitigate the impacts of conflict, there is a signifcant risk that the prospects offered by the 2030 Agenda may never materialize for conflict-affected populations and nations across the region.

As a regional initiative, the report covers Member States in conflict, post-conflict and affected by conflict. To better analyse the context-specifc realities, including challenges and opportunities faced in conflict-settings across the region, the following eight Member States were selected: The Republic of Iraq, The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, The Lebanese Republic, The State of Libya, The Federal Republic of Somalia, The Republic of the Sudan, The Syrian Arab Republic and The Republic of Yemen.

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2030 Agenda , Governance & enabling environment , Inclusive development
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