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Climate/SDGs Debt Swap Mechanism

ESCWA Publication: E/ESCWA/CL3.SEP/2024/INF.1


Country: Arab region

Publication Type: Information material

Cluster: Shared Economic Prosperity

Focus Area: 2030 Agenda, Climate change, Debt and fiscal policy, Financing for development, Macroeconomics

Initiatives: Integrated national financing frameworks, Climate/SDGs Debt Swap

SDGs: Agenda 2030

Keywords: Climate, Debt, Sustainable development, Technical cooperation, Climate change, Regional commissions, Sustainable development

Climate/SDGs debt swap mechanism

December 2020

Public budgets in the developing countries of the region are pressed due to rising external debt and debt service, which risks expenditure on climate action and for achieving the SDGs. The adverse impact of COVID-19 has exacerbated the fiscal pressures further. Given this urgency, ESCWA has launched a Climate/SDGs Debt Swap Initiative to support debt relief and improve climate finance in middle-income countries in the Arab region that are facing high and increasing debt burdens. A Debt Swap Mechanism (DSM) has been developed in 2020. A wide range of stakeholders, including high-level representatives from member States, representative from Paris Club, reputed global experts, and development partners discussed ESCWA’s DSM in an Expert Group Meeting in December 2020.

The outcome of the meeting was very fruitful, highlighting the urgency and usefulness of the initiative by ESCWA. Following the meeting, a roadmap for operationalizing the Debt Swap Mechanism (DSM) is currently being prepared. It aims to provide win-win-win solutions for debtors, creditors, and donors/development partners that can utilize debt servicing payments to achieve climate-sensitive national development objectives in line with the implementation of SDGs and the Paris Agreement.

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2030 Agenda , Climate change , Debt and fiscal policy , Financing for development , Macroeconomics ,
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