ESCWA country study: Development challenges in Yemen

ESCWA Publication: E/ESCWA/CL6.GCP/2023/CP.1

Country: Republic of Yemen

Publication Type: Reports & studies

Cluster: Governance and Conflict Prevention

Focus Area: Climate change, Gender equality, Governance & enabling environment, Future of employment, Resilient development & conflict prevention

Initiatives: Climate Resilience through Regional Cooperation, Monitoring Sustainable Development Goal Data, Governance and institution building, Yemen Vision for Recovery and Development

SDGs: Goal 1: No Poverty, Goal 3: Good Health and Well-Being, Goal 4: Quality Education, Goal 5: Gender Equality, Goal 6: Clean Water and Sanitation, Goal 7: Affordable and Clean Energy, Goal 8: Decent Work and Economic Growth, Goal 10: Reduced Inequalities, Goal 13: Climate Action, Goal 16: Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions

Keywords: Development, Yemen situation, Poverty, Displaced persons, Human development, Sustainable development, Resources allocation, Economic analysis, Equality, Unemployment, Job vacancies, Conflict, Climate change, Governance, Factor analysis, Case studies, Technical cooperation, Peacebuilding, Water policy, Economic development, Social development, Political conditions

Development challenges in Yemen

March 2023

The present study analyses the development situation in Yemen, based on findings from three indices proposed by ESCWA to measure development challenges, development inequalities, and economic resilience. The findings reveal that Yemen ranks second of 159 countries in terms of both its development challenges and inequalities, and 125th of 131 countries in terms of its economic resilience. Changes over time also show alarming trends, mainly caused by conflict which contributed to the deterioration of an already poor development status. Governance challenges and inequalities constitute the largest shares of the development challenges index and the development inequalities index, respectively, and resilience to future shocks is the economy’s most pressing issue. A lack of resilience in the economy has transformed short-term shocks into protracted crises, resulting in chronic poverty, displacement and loss of livelihoods. To address these issues, sensible economic policies are necessary to prioritize creating decent jobs and to generate knowledge and innovation. International support for political stabilization and peacebuilding, and financial assistance mechanisms for reconstruction and reform plans, are also essential. Most notably, a comprehensive action plan is necessary, beginning with an inclusive approach to peacebuilding. Governance and institutional reforms are essential to ensuring that construction and reconstruction plans are sustainable, and for development improvements to be maintained.

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